Updated on: 09/22/2022


Wellness: Exercise & Nutrition

Access to safe and quality options for physical activity and affordable healthy foods are essential to good health. This topic area shows the relationship between these factors, education and race/ethnicity.

Note: Hispanic is used to reflect current data collection practices. We acknowledge this may not be the preferred term. Throughout this report, NH refers to Non-Hispanic. People of color refers to individuals identifying as Black, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian, Hispanic, Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, and Other. Unless otherwise noted, adults are ages 18+. Data are most recently available for the specified data source.

Youth Physical Activity (2017-2019)

Youth of color report lower rates of physical activity as compared to White youth.

Adequate physical activity refers to being physically active for 60 minutes, 5+ days/week. Statistically significant where alpha = 0.05.

Other includes American Indian, Alaska Native or Pacific Islander and youth who indicated several ethnicities that did not include Hispanic/Latino.

Data available from YHS.

Adult Physical Activity (2017-2020)

Black and Hispanic adults report lower rates of physical activity as compared to White adults.

Adequate physical activity refers to being physically active for 60 minutes, 5+ days/week for adults. Adults refer to those aged 18+ surveyed via BRFSS. Statistically significant where alpha = 0.05.

Data Available from BRFSS.

Equity Spotlight

Areas of low socioeconomic status and communities of color often have less access to safe and quality parks, green space, and other options for physical activity.21, 22, 23

Youth Adequate Fruit & Vegetable Consumption (2017-2019)

In 2019, Asian youth in middle school reported a higher rate of fruit and vegetable consumption as compared to other groups.

Adequate refers to eating eating fruit 2+ AND vegetables 3+ times yesterday. Statistically significant where alpha = 0.05.

Data suppressed for some race groups.

Other includes American Indian, Alaska Native or Pacific Islander and youth who indicated several ethnicities that did not include Hispanic/Latino.

Data available from YHS.

Adult Adequate Fruit & Vegetable Consumption (2017-2019)

Hispanic Adults report lower rates of adequate fruit and vegetable consumption as compared to other race groups.

Adequate consumption refers to eating fruit and vegetables 5+ times per day for adults. Adults refer to those aged 18+ surveyed via BRFSS. Statistically significant where alpha = 0.05.

This survey question was not asked in 2018 or 2020.

Data Available from BRFSS.

Equity Spotlight

Communities of color and low-income communities are less likely to have access to affordable healthy foods.24, 25

Download the raw data (accessible version) used to create these visualizations.

21 Heynen, N., Perkins, H., & Roy, P. (2006). The Political Ecology of Uneven Urban Green Space: The Impact of Political Economy on Race and Ethnicity in Producing Environmental Inequality in Milwaukee. Urban Affairs Review, 42.1, 3-25. DOI: 10.1177/1078087406290729

22 Blanck, H., Allen, D., Bashir, Z., Gordon, N., Goodman, A., Merriam, D., & Rutt, C. (2012). Let’s Go to the Park Today: The Role of Parks in Obesity Prevention and Improving the Public’s Health. Childhood Obesity, 8(5). DOI: 10.1089/chi.2012.0085.blan

23 Dai, D. (2011). Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Disparities in Urban Green Space Accessibility: Where to Intervene? Landscape and Urban Planning, 102(4), 234-244. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.05.002.

24 Treuhaft, S. & Karpyn, A. (1st edition). (2015). The Grocery Gap Who Has Access to Healthy Food and Why It Matters. Retrieved from http://thefoodtrust.org/uploads/media_items/grocerygap.original.pdf

25 Morland, L. & Filomena, S. (2007). Disparities in the Availability of Fruits and Vegetables Between Racially Segregated Urban Neighbourhoods. Public Health Nutrition, 10(12), 1481-1489. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17582241

Indicator selection

This report gathered equity metrics found throughout DPH published data reports in one common location. When choosing the indicators to feature in this dashboard, we focused on publicly available data and the State Health Assessment (SHA) priority indicators. In some instances proxy measures were used if race/ethnicity data were limited (e.g. Hepatitis B Vaccinations Rates in place of Viral Hepatitis Prevalence Rates). Only indicators that had sufficient data for breakdowns by race/ethnicity were included.

Time-frame for Data Shown

In all cases, the most recent data for each indicator are incorporated. For some topics (e.g. hospitalizations for various causes), only older data are available by race/ethnicity. However, the goal of this dashboard is to capture the current experiences of this priority population. As such, the years of data presented are different for each chart; we opted for the most recent data available over using the same (older) year across all indicators in the report

Race/Ethnicity Group Definition and Data Collection

This report presents race/ethnicity data as it is collected and defined by each source. DPH complies with the the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Standards and have adapted the recommendations to capture this information. We acknowledge that the race/ethnicity breakdowns presented here may not reflect each group's preferred terms. We recognize that race groups are not monolithic. Grouping into larger categories (e.g. Asian) and grouping Hispanic separately (e.g. Black and Hispanic is not a category in this report) is problematic and may not fully capture the experiences specific groups have. Data on language and disability status are not reflected in this version of the report but we plan to include these in future versions. Detailed information on the specific race/ethnicity group definitions and data collection practices can be found using the links to data sources provided for each chart. The DPH Race/Ethnicity/Language Data Standards Guide provides information on current department wide minimum compliance for collecting, defining, and reporting this information.

Data Suppression

For some charts, race/ethnicity groups may not be shown. This varies by data source and reflects insufficient sample size to support reliable estimates or suppression to protect residents privacy. For more information on the DPH suppression guidelines, please see the Department of Public Health Confidentiality Procedures.

Current Analysis

Unless otherwise noted, the differences between race/ethnicity groups in this report are based on descriptive observations (i.e. estimates are higher or lower than others) and key findings for the data shown in charts do not represent statistically significant differences. Any language that indicates statistical significance is taken directly from reports that have performed these analyses separately from this dashboard. For more information on how analyses were performed and definitions for significance, please see the data source notes provided for each chart.

CI refers to Confidence Interval (if available), which describes the certainty of a value. The Department of Public Health uses a 95% confidence interval.

Future Plans

This initial report focuses on communities of color. Additional dashboards on the other priority populations will be created. We also plan to expand dashboard contents including adding more indicators, updating data currently included, and incorporating intersectionality of populations (e.g. data by race/ethnicity and sexual orientation/gender identity).

Visual representations of statistical significance and additional analytics to compare differences between groups will also be incorporated.